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How to Avoid the Most Common Hockey Injuries

How to Avoid the Most Common Hockey Injuries


Ice hockey is an exhilarating and fast-paced sport that captivates players and fans alike. However, the intense physical nature of the game often leads to the most common hockey injuries. In this blog, we’ll explore these injuries, their nature, and how players can safeguard against them.

Here are the top 10 most frequent ice hockey injuries:

As we delve into strategies for injury prevention, let’s explore the top 10 most common injuries incurred by hockey players.

1. Concussions

Causes: Various in-game situations, such as severe collisions, direct blows to the head, violent jolts, or impacts during the game, can lead to a severe concussion.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Primarily involves the brain; protective gear like helmets is crucial.

2. Sprains and Strains

Causes: Abrupt changes in direction, collisions with other players.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Muscles, tendons, and ligaments, often occur in areas like the legs and ankles.

3. Fractures

Causes: Impact with boards, stray pucks, or physical contact with other players.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Commonly occurs in areas such as wrists, ankles, and facial bones.

4. Lacerations

Causes: High-speed gameplay, contact with sharp skate blades, sticks, or the boards.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Skin and underlying tissues.

5. Contusions and Bruises

Causes: Impact from pucks, sticks, or collisions with other players.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Blood vessels beneath the skin, primarily soft tissues.

6. Hip Injuries

Causes: Constant lateral movement, sudden shifts in direction, collisions, or awkward falls.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Hip abductor and adductor muscles, tendons in the hip area.

7. Shoulder Injuries

Causes: Body checks, physical contact, falls, or collisions with other players. According to a study, checking was identified as the cause of 34 percent of the injuries.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Shoulder muscles, ligaments, and joints.

8. Back Injuries

Causes: Constant flexion and rotation during play, collisions, or falls.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Muscles in the back, spinal discs.

9. Dental Injuries

Causes: High-impact collisions and contact with stray pucks pose significant risks for the worst hockey injuries.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Teeth, jaw bones.

10. Groin Injuries

Causes: Constant pushing off, dynamic movements, sudden stops, or changes in direction.

Affected Muscles/Bones: Groin muscles and tendons

Why is it important to avoid hockey injuries?

Why is it important to avoid hockey injuries?

Aside from the immediate physical toll, most common hockey injuries can have long-term consequences, emphasizing the need for injury prevention for the longevity of a player’s career.

Long-Term Impact on Players: Hockey player injuries, if not properly managed, can have lasting effects on a player’s physical well-being, potentially affecting their entire career.

Team Performance and Dynamics: Injuries can sideline key players, disrupting team performance and impacting the overall dynamics and success of the team.

Financial Implications: Injuries lead to medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and potential loss of income, imposing financial burdens on both players and teams.

Psychological Well-being: Enduring injuries can take a toll on a player’s mental health, leading to stress, anxiety, and potential impacts on confidence and game engagement.

Preventable with Proper Measures: Emphasizing injury prevention through conditioning, safety protocols, and quality protective equipment is crucial for preserving player well-being and the overall health of the sport.

How Can Injuries In Hockey Be Prevented?

In ice hockey, the Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Research team pioneers safety measures, particularly in concussion research. Their efforts include creating advanced safety protocols and early detection methods, showcasing a dedication to player well-being and the sport’s sustainability. Here are some ways to prevent injuries in hockey:

Proper Training

Players must be proficient in fundamental skills such as skating, stopping, and changing direction. A strong foundation in these skills enhances player control, agility, and the ability to react safely during gameplay.

Equipment Usage

Emphasizing the importance of wearing well-fitted and properly maintained protective gear is crucial. Helmets, pads, gloves, mouth guards, and skates act as a crucial barrier against high-impact collisions, significantly reducing the risk of severe injuries in ice hockey.

Adherence to Safety Guidelines

This includes addressing actions that could lead to injuries, ensuring fair play, and reducing the occurrence of high-risk behavior on the ice. A disciplined approach to safety guidelines contributes to a safer playing environment.

Regular Conditioning

Well-conditioned players are better equipped to withstand the physical demands of the game, reducing the risk of fatigue-related errors and injuries. This includes cardiovascular training, strength exercises, and agility drills.

Strengthening Exercises

Integrating targeted strengthening exercises for specific muscle groups, such as the core, hips, and shoulders, is key. Strengthened muscles provide better support to joints and ligaments, significantly reducing the risk of strains and sprains.

What Are The Hockey Risk Factors?

Understanding the risk of injury associated with playing hockey is crucial for effective injury prevention. Here’s a focused list of four key risk factors:

Age: Limited physical maturity and strength in younger players increase vulnerability to certain types of injuries due to their bodies adapting to the physical demands of the sport. As per the Centers for Disease Control, ice hockey ranks as the second primary cause of winter sports injuries in children.

Skill Level: Less experienced players may be more susceptible to injuries resulting from incorrect technique, limited understanding of the game’s dynamics, and poor decision-making on the ice.

Physical Conditioning: Inadequate physical conditioning, including strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness, increases the likelihood of muscle fatigue, contributing to muscle strains, sprains, and other injuries.

Previous Injuries: Past injuries can weaken specific areas, making them more susceptible to further damage and prone to re-injury or developing chronic conditions, especially if not fully rehabilitated.

If You Get Injured, These Are The Treatments

If You Get Injured, These Are The Treatments

In the unfortunate event of a hockey injury, prompt and appropriate treatment is vital for a smooth recovery process. Here are five key treatments to consider:


Immediate rest initiates natural healing processes, preventing further strain or damage and minimizing the risk of exacerbating the injury.

Ice and Compression

Cold therapy reduces swelling and inflammation, and compression manages pain and provides support in the early stages of recovery.


Elevating the injured area reduces swelling by allowing fluids to drain away.

Physical Therapy

Once the acute phase has passed, physical therapy involves exercises to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion, as well as rebuild injured tissues, prevent stiffness, and restore function to the affected area.

Rehabilitation and Gradual Return to Activity

A structured rehabilitation program rebuilds strength, coordination, and confidence, reducing the risk of recurring injuries when returning to play.


In conclusion, the exhilarating sport of hockey comes with inherent risks, and injuries may occur. However, players hold the power to minimize these risks through strategic measures. Prioritizing safety, adhering to proper training techniques, and investing in quality protective equipment are paramount. Remember, staying safe on the ice is the key to prolonged game enjoyment. For comprehensive support and expert guidance in injury prevention and recovery, consider reaching out to professionals such as Kendall Physical Therapy. Our specialized approach can provide tailored strategies, including specific programs like Hockey Wrist Injury Strengthening, to enhance your resilience, keeping you in the game and ensuring that you not only play smart but also play with confidence.

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Dr. Christopher Kendall PT

Kendall Performance PT

We help athletes and active adults move better, live pain-free, and get stronger to improve the health of our community and provide each client the knowledge to remain healthy and independent the rest of their lives.